CBSA: See CORE-BASED STATISICAL AREA.
CDBG: See COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT.
CENSUS TRACT: A small, relatively permanent statistical subdivision of a county or statistically equivalent entity, delineated for data presentation purposes by a local group of census data users or the geographic staff of a regional census center in accordance with Census Bureau guidelines.
CENSUS TRACT NUMBER: A four-digit basic number, followed by an optional two-digit decimal suffix, used to uniquely identify a census tract within a county or statistically equivalent entity.
CHRONIC HOMLESSNESS: An unaccompanied homeless individual with a disabling condition who has either been continuously homeless for a year or more OR has had at least four episodes of homelessness in the past three years.
CHRONICALLY HOMELESS INDIVIDUAL: A homeless individual with a disability who lives either in a place not meant for human habitation, a safe haven, or in an emergency shelter, or in an institutional care facility if the individual has been living in the facility for fewer than 90 days and had been living in a place not meant for human habitation, a safe haven, or in an emergency shelter immediately before entering the institutional care facility. In order to meet the “chronically homeless” definition, the individual also must have been living as described above continuously for at least 12 months, or on at least four separate occasions in the last 3 years, where the combined occasions total a length of time of at least 12 months. Each period separating the occasions must include at least 7 nights of living in a situation other than a place not meant for human habitation, in an emergency shelter, or in a safe haven.
Capital Fund Program (CFP): provides financial assistance to PHAs to make improvements to existing public housing and to develop new public housing, including mixed-finance developments that contain public housing units.
CMSA: See CONSOLIDATED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA.
CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR): The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government. It is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to federal regulation. Each volume of the CFR is updated once each calendar year and is issued on a quarterly basis.
COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA (CSA): May comprise two or more metropolitan statistical areas, a metropolitan statistical area and a micropolitan statistical area, two or more micropolitan statistical areas, or multiple metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas that have social and economic ties as measured by commuting, but at lower levels than are found among counties within metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.
COMMERCIAL BUILDING : Any building other than a residential or government building, including any building constructed for industrial, retail, business, or public purposes.
COMMITMENT: As used in the HOME program, commitment means one of three things. The Participating Jurisdiction (PJ) has:
For tenant-based rental assistance, commitment means that a rental assistance contract between the PJ (or other entity) and the tenant or owner has been executed. HUD recognizes a commitment when the project is set up in the Integrated Disbursement and Information System.
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM (CDBG): Created under the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974, this program provides grant funds to local and state governments to develop viable urban communities by providing decent housing with a suitable living environment and expanding economic opportunities to assist low- and moderate-income residents. CDBG replaced several categorical grant programs, such as the Model Cities program, the Urban Renewal program, and the Housing Rehabilitation Loan and Grant program.
COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT (CPD): HUD's Office of Community Planning and Development seeks to develop viable communities by promoting integrated approaches that provide decent housing, a suitable living environment, and expand economic opportunities for low- and moderate-income persons. The primary means toward this end is the development of partnerships among all levels of government and the private sector, including for-profit and nonprofit organizations.
COMPREHENSIVE HOUSING AFFORDABILITY STRATEGY (CHAS) DATA (see also CONSOLODATED PLANNING DATA): HUD periodically receives “custom tabulations” of data from the U.S. Census Bureau that are largely not available through standard Census products. These data, known as the "CHAS" data…, demonstrate the extent of housing problems and housing needs, particularly for low- income households.
CONDOMINIUM: A form of ownership in which the separate owners of the individual units jointly own the development’s common areas and facilities.
HUD OFFICE OF CONGRESSIONAL AND INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS (CIR): is responsible for coordinating Congressional and intergovernmental relations activities involving program offices to ensure the effective and accurate presentation of the Department's views.
CONSOLIDATED METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA (CMSA): An area that has a census population of one million or more, has component parts that qualify as primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs) based on official standards, and local opinion favors the designation. CMSAs consist of whole counties, except for the New England states, where they consist of county subdivisions (primarily cities and towns).
CONSOLIDATED PLAN: A document written by a state or local government describing the housing needs of the low- and moderate-income residents, outlining strategies to meet these needs, and listing all resources available to implement the strategies. This document is required in order to receive HUD Community Planning and Development funds.
CO-OP: See COOPERATIVE.
CONTINUUM OF CARE: A collaborative funding and planning approach that helps communities plan for and provide, as necessary, a full range of emergency, transitional, and permanent housing and other service resources to address the various needs of homeless persons. HUD also refers to the group of service providers involved in the decision making processes as the "Continuum of Care."
CO-OP: See COOPERATIVE.
COOPERATIVE (Co-op): Housing in which each member shares in the ownership of the whole project with the exclusive right to occupy a specific unit and to participate in project operations through the purchase of stock.
CORE-BASED STATISTICAL AREA: Refers collectively to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.
CPD: See COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT.
CRANSTON-GONZALEZ NATIONAL AFFORDABLE HOUSING ACT (NAHA): created programs to empower the neediest through a variety of economic incentives, low-income homeownership opportunities, and other housing and economic development programs. Created the HOME, Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS (HOPWA), Shelter Plus Care programs, Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program, and established the Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons With Disabilities program and the HOPE programs.
CREDIT PERIOD: The term "credit period" means, with respect to any building, the span of taxable years beginning with the taxable year in which the building is placed in service, or at the election of the taxpayer, the succeeding taxable year, but only if the building is a qualified low-income building as of the close of the first year of such period.
CSA: See COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA.