SA: See SUBAREA.
SAS: Originally called statistical analysis software, SAS is software that allows users to perform a range of statistical analyses. Some of the HUD USER data sets are available in SAS.
SCATTERED-SITE HOUSING: [Assisted h]ousing dispersed throughout the community and usually rented from a private landlord.
SECRETARY: In the context of this website, the term refers to the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
SECRETARY'S AWARD PROGRAM: Awards from the HUD Secretary for best in residential housing design, excellence in historic preservation, and excellence produced through cooperative public/private efforts that expand homeownership opportunities for underserved American families.
SECTION 202: Provides capital advances to finance the construction, rehabilitation or acquisition (with or without rehabilitation) of structures that will serve as supportive housing for very-low-income elderly persons, including the frail elderly, and provides rent subsidies for the projects to help make them affordable.
SECTION 202 DEMONSTRATION PREDEVELOPMENT GRANT (DPG) PROGRAM: The primary purpose of the DPG Program is to provide [Section 202] sponsors with grant funding before initial closing for predevelopment expenses.
SECTION 108 PROGRAM: Enacted as part of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 as the loan guarantee provision of the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program. The Section 108 program offers local governments a flexible source of financing for economic development, housing rehabilitation, public facilities, and large-scale physical development projects.
SECTION 8 EXISISTING RENTAL ASSISTANCE: Provides rental assistance to low-income families who are unable to afford market rents. Assistance may be in the form of vouchers or certificates.
SECTION 8 HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAM: Allows low-income families who qualify for Section 8 rental assistance to use their certificates or vouchers to pay for homeownership costs under a mortgage.
Section 8 Management Assessment Program (SEMAP): measures the performance of the public housing agencies (PHAs) that administer the Housing Choice Voucher program in 14 key areas. SEMAP helps HUD target monitoring and assistance to PHA programs that need the most improvement.
SECURITY DEPOSIT: A payment required by an owner to be held during the term of the lease (or the time period the tenant occupies the unit) to offset damages incurred due to the actions of the tenant. Such damages may include physical damage to the property, theft of property, and failure to pay back rent. Forfeiture of the deposit does not absolve the tenant of further financial liability.
SELF-HELP HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAM (SHOP): SHOP enables families to become homeowners with an investment of "sweat equity"—contributing their own labor to help with such tasks as painting, landscaping, carpentry, and roofing. HUD grants will provide subsidies averaging $10,000 to lower the price of each home. Families unable to afford a home and having incomes below 80 percent of the area median income are eligible to receive HUD assistance under SHOP.
SERVICE COORDINATOR PROGRAM: Provides funding for the employment of Service Coordinators in insured and assisted apartment housing that is designed for the elderly and persons with disabilities. A service coordinator is a social service staff person hired or contracted by the development's owner or management company. The Service Coordinator is responsible for assuring that elderly residents, especially those who are frail or at risk, and those nonelderly residents with disabilities are linked to the specific supportive services they need to continue living independently in that housing development.
SEVERE RENT BURDEN: a renter household [that pays] more than one-half of its income for gross rent (rent and utilities).
SEVERELY INADEQUATE HOUSING: units having one or more serious physical problems related to heating, plumbing, and electrical systems or maintenance.
SHELTER PLUS CARE PROGRAM (S+C): Authorized by title IV, subtitle F, of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (the McKinney Act) (42 U.S.C. 11403–11407b). S+C is designed to link rental assistance to supportive services for hard-to-serve homeless persons with disabilities (primarily those who are seriously mentally ill; have chronic problems with alcohol, drugs, or both; or have acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS and related diseases) and their families. The program provides grants to be used for rental assistance for permanent housing for homeless persons with disabilities. Rental assistance grants must be matched in the aggregate by supportive services that are equal in value to the amount of rental assistance and appropriate to the needs of the population to be served. Recipients are chosen on a competitive basis nationwide.
SINGLE FAMILY PROPERTY: A single-unit family residence, detached or attached to other housing structures.
SINGLE-ROOM OCCUPANCY (SRO): Provides rental assistance to homeless individuals in connection with moderate rehabilitation of SRO dwellings.
SPECIAL APPLICATIONS CENTER (SAC): enables the Office of Public and Indian Housing to assist Housing Authorities in their efforts to efficiently and effectively meet the housing needs of their communities through the specialized review and approval of non-funded, non-competitive applications, related to: demolition/disposition, eminent domain, homeownership, Section 202 conversions, and conversions.
SPECIAL PURPOSE VOUCHERS (SPVs): [Housing vouchers] different from regular Housing Choice Vouchers in that they have been specifically provided by Congress in separate appropriations and are reserved for specific populations.
STRONG CITIES, STRONG COMMUNITIES (SCS2): SC2 and its partners are working together to coordinate federal programs and investments to spark economic growth in distressed areas and create stronger cooperation between community organizations, local leadership, and the federal government.
SUBPRIME LOAN: [A mortgage that carries] a higher rate of interest than prime loans to compensate for increased credit risk.
SUBSTANDARD HOUSING: A dwelling unit that is either dilapidated or unsafe, thus endangering the health and safety of the occupant, or that does not have adequate plumbing or heating facilities.
SUBAREA (SA): Designation placed in front of those areas where only the counties or towns of the subarea are used in calculating income limits and FMRs.
SUPPORTIVE HOUSING PROGRAM: This program is authorized by title IV of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (the McKinney Act) (42 U.S.C. 11381–11389). The program is designed to promote the development of supportive housing and supportive services, including innovative approaches to assist homeless persons in the transition from homelessness, and to promote the provision of supportive housing to homeless persons to enable them to live as independently as possible.
SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY: Housing that is designed to meet the special physical needs of elderly persons and to accommodate the provision of supportive services that are expected to be needed, either initially or over the useful life of the housing, by the category or categories of elderly persons that the housing is intended to serve.
SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES: Urban, suburban, and rural places that successfully integrate housing, land use, economic and workforce development, transportation, and infrastructure investments in a manner that empowers jurisdictions to consider the interdependent challenges of: 1) economic competitiveness and revitalization; 2) social equity, inclusion, and access to opportunity; 3) energy use and climate change; and 4) public health and environmental impact.
SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES INITIATIVE (SCI): The Sustainable Communities Initiative consists of two grant programs: Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grants and Community Challenge Planning Grants; provides grants to improve regional and local planning efforts that integrate housing and transportation decisions, and increase the capacity to improve land use and zoning to support market investments that support sustainable communities.
SWEAT EQUITY: Using labor to build or improve a property as part of the down payment.